3 minute read

What Is an Income Statement?

The income statement, also known as the profit and loss statement, is a fundamental financial statement that provides insights into a company's financial performance. It offers a snapshot of the revenue, expenses, and net income or loss generated over a specific period.

In this article, we will delve into the key aspects of an income statement and guide you in creating your own.

What is reported on the income statement?

The income statement presents a summary of a company's revenues, expenses, gains, and losses during a given accounting period. It typically includes the following components:

a. Revenue: This section accounts for the income generated from primary business activities, such as sales of products or services.

b. Cost of Goods Sold (COGS): Direct costs associated with producing or delivering the goods or services sold.

c. Gross Profit: Gross profit is calculated by subtracting the COGS from the revenue and reflects the profitability before considering operating expenses.

d. Operating Expenses: Operating expenses encompass various costs incurred in running the business, including salaries, rent, utilities, marketing expenses, and administrative costs.

e. Operating Income: Operating income is derived by subtracting the operating expenses from the gross profit and indicates the profitability of the core business operations.

f. Non-operating Income and Expenses: This section includes gains or losses from non-primary business activities, such as interest income, interest expense, or gains/losses from investments.

g. Net Income or Loss: Net income is the final figure obtained after considering all revenues, expenses, gains, and losses. It represents the overall profitability of the business during the accounting period.

Income Statement Report Example

Let's take a look at an example income statement generated using Invoiless:

Income statement

How to Create Your Own Income Statement?

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to create an income statement using Invoiless:

Step 1: Log in to your Invoiless account and navigate to the "Reports" section.

Step 2: Click "Create" and select "Income Statement" from the available report types.

Step 3: Specify the reporting period by entering the start and end dates.

Step 4: Once you have created your report, click on the "Open" button from the report line to preview or download it.

By utilizing Invoiless, you can streamline the process of creating accurate income statements, saving time and ensuring consistency in financial reporting.

Wrap Up

In summary, an income statement is a vital financial statement that provides a comprehensive overview of a company's financial performance. It outlines the revenue, expenses, gains, and losses incurred during a specific period, ultimately leading to the calculation of net income or loss. Small business owners and accountants can leverage income statements to evaluate profitability, identify areas of improvement, and make informed decisions to drive financial success.

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